The space race was the rivalry between the U.S.A and the Soviet Union to see which country had superior spaceflight capability. On October 4,1957 the USSR was the first country to send the first earth satellite into space and it was called Sputnik.
In on November 3,1957 the USSR beat the United States again by sending Sputnik 2 in space, being the first to put a living organism into space. The animal was a dog named Laika. In 1958 the U.S finally puts the first satellite into space.
A huge turning point for the U.S happened when NASA was founded on October 1,1958. It stands for The National Aeronautics and Space Administration and was a happy success for the U.S and their science and space research. Then in 1960 JFK was elected and one of his biggest goals was to get a man on the moon.
Then less than a year later the Soviets sent Yuri Gagarin into space and he completed a successful orbit around the earth on 12 April,1961. Then on May 5,1961 The U.S successfully put a man into space by the name of Alan B. Shepard.
ultimately the united states made the final call during the space race because they achieved their goal, to put a man on the moon. On Apollo 11 on July 20,1969 NASA successfully put 2 men on the moon, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin. The third man Michael Collins had to stay in the Command Module.
Putting a man on the moon was a very defining moment during the 1960's and today. These three men changed history not only in the U.S but internationally.