Britain was planning to send General Major Pitcairn along with 700 troops to two towns in Massachusetts: Lexington, to arrest opposition leaders Sam Adams and John Hancock, and Concord, to destroy colonial weapons and ammunition.
Trenton. December 23, 1776
Things didn’t go as expected for the British when the Patriots knew their plan. Paul Revere rushed to tell Sam Adams and John Hancock to leave Lexington. Captain John Parker ordered his militiamen to surprise the British in Concord and force them to scurry back to Boston. Lots of British soldiers died and this was known as the ‘shot heard around the world”, and it was the start of the Revolution.
Saratoga. Fall of 1777
British General William Prescott lead the British to victory against Thomas Gage’s small and underequipped colonial army. This battle was fought in Boston, Massachusetts on Bunker’s hill Breed’s hill but it is famously known as the battle of Bunker Hill. Despite being a British Victory, America benefited from the battle because they: fought more experienced troops, and scared the British by killing nearly half of the army.
Cowpens. January 17, 1781
Patriot morale was low when General Washington decided to lead his troops to Capture a town called Trenton in New Jersey occupied by General Johann Rall and his Hessian mercenaries, all of whom were allies of the British. They captured the town pretty easily since Rall didn’t expect anyone to be fighting around Christmas time. This victory boosted patriot morale and helped them keep going.
The Battles of Saratoga, New York was the climax of the American Revolution. Before these battles took place, British general, John Burgoyne, won a small and expensive victory against Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold. Despite his army being weakened, John Burgoyne planned on attacking Saratoga. The Patriots were expecting this attack, and thanks to Burgoyne's slow pace, Benedict Arnold and Horatio Gates took their troops and surrounded the cocky John Burgoyne and his troops. Despite the fact that Burgoyne' troops were weakened, Burgoyne decided to fight 2 battles against the Patriots to get out of where they were encircled, but after the second, Burgoyne surrendered.
The battle of Cowpens took place in Cowpens, South Carolina. On January 17, 1781. It was an American victory led by General Daniel Morgan against the British army lead by Bonastre Tarleton. Morgan's plan was to trick the British army into thinking that they were winning, and once they got to a certain spot, surround them. Morgan's plan worked very well, killing many British Soldiers and collapsing British Forces.