Upper Canada Rebellion

Upper Canada Rebellion

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  • A governor appointed by London and councillors named by him controlled the decision-making process. 
  • Mackenzie writes a book that lists the complaints of the people.
  • Canadians!  It has been said that we are on the verge of a revolution.
  • Canadians! Revolt! Revolt!
  • They lit Montgomery's Tavern on fire so that people inside would not be able to come out and escape.
  • The ruling oligarchy, the Family Compact dominated the government. The Family Compact emerged from the War of 1812 and collapsed in the aftermath of the Rebellions of 1837. The Family Compact favoured British traditions like the monarchy and supports the idea of keeping government in the hands of appointed legislative and executive councils.
  • Francis Bond Head encouraged the outbreak by sending troops from the province, laying a trap for Mackenzie, whom he allowed to prepare a revolt despite evidence that poured in from every district.
  • More extremists reformers took over as ¨the voice of the people." A newspaper writer named William Lyon Mackenzie was first elected to the assembly in 1828 and was expelled by others. Mackenzie composed a massive list of every complaint that people had against the government and the ruling social clique. His Report on Grievances included everything from a demand for responsible government to complaints about the high price of stamps.
  • I would like to send you to Canada to figure what is going on.
  • I will send my report as soon as I can.
  • Inspired by the uprising in Lower Canada, Mackenzie began riding through the countryside urging rebellion. A small band of Apostles followed him. Mackenzie´s men, armed with pitchforks, rifles, clubs, and pikes. Mackenzie and his followers moved toward open rebellion until, on November 25, 1837, he proclaimed a provisional government.
  • Durham suggested to join both Upper and Lower Canada together, leading to Upper Canada(arrow pointing) being named as Canada West and Lower Canada as Canada East.
  • Two days later, Francis Bond Head led an army of volunteers out of Toronto. They marched north on Yonge Street and converged on Montgomery´s Tavern. In half an hour, it was all over. The rebels were beaten and the tavern was torched. Mackenzie had escaped. He fled south across Niagara River and into United States.  In 1839, he was arrested by American authorities and sentenced to 12 months' imprisonment for breaking the neutrality laws.
  • After the rebellion, the British Government sent a man named Durham to investigate the situation. Durham spent five months in the colony and wrote report. In his report, he suggest to join Upper Canada and Lower Canada into one colony and call it the Province of Canada. Also to give the Province of Canada Responsible Government.
  • British Government sends Durham to Canada to find out the causes of why the people rebelled.
  • The British Government received the report from Durham and had taken the suggestion of Durham to join Upper Canada and Lower Canada together. The union of the Upper and Lower Canada would eventually be proclaimed in 1840, but citizens would have to wait util 1848 for the British Government to grant the colony responsible government.
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