The English started to rise in power in the 1800's
Henry VIII is the most famous English ruler of all time. He desperately wanted a son to carry his dynasty on but failed with all of his 6 marriages. As a result, he separated from most of his ex-wives and beheaded some. The pope refused a "divorce" which resulted in Henry creating the Anglican Church.
Mary lived a rough childhood. Her parents divorced and was tried to be convinced into a forced marriage. She wanted to convert protestant England catholic but many people refused. She then killed hundreds of protestants and was eventually named "Bloody Mary."
When did it end?
Elizabeth l was Mary's half sister. She was protestant unlike her half sister Mary and converted England to protestant again. She is considered one of England's greatest leaders.
Before Henry was crowned king, he married an member of a rival family. He strongly enforced the English kingdom and left a great monarchy after his death .
The dynasty ended after Elizabeth the first's death since there were no rulers left after that.