Alright, class. We're going to talk about what we wanted to be when we were younger. I personally wanted to be the President of the United States of America. Can anyone explain how someone becomes the President?
We vote for the president! Everyone knows that.
Actually, I think there's more to it than that...
Very good, John! Would you like to explain to the class how a President is elected?
Sure, Teacher. So it first starts off wit primaries and caucauses. This determines which democratic candidate will compete with which republican candidate.
Basically, the people don't directly choose the president; the citizens elect the delegates who represent their views and the delegate then goes on to elect a candidate. The candidate who has more than half of the delegates votes is the winner for that party. Oh, and the voting is done at the National Convention.
BUT more than half of the votes aren't directed towards one person, negotiations are held, and the delegates re-vote, this time not required t abide to their original vote, and a candidate is chosen!
And then, on Election Day, the people vote for electors who will then vote for the President! Each state has a set number of electors, and the winner takes it all-- meaning, that when the electors vote and the majority picks a candidate, that candidate wins for that state.
All of you have done a very good job. The last thing is that the President is officially elected by the Electoral College. This is the electors casting their votes for their states, and the votes are counted later. The winner is the president!