World War I began in 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until 1918. Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers). The new military technologies and the horrors of trench warfare, saw unprecedented levels of carnage and destruction. When war was over and the Allied Powers claimed victory, more than 16 million people soldiers and civilians were dead.
World War I Overview
The Axis powers, also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces. They signed a Tripartite Pact on September 1940
German Invasions: Paris, Poland
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On December 7, 1941 the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the US Naval Base Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, using bombers, torpedo bombers and midget submarines. Standing in opposition to Japanese conquest of what Japan's leaders termed “the Southern Resource Area” was the United States.
The War Expands
World War II Conclusion
Japan and the War in Asia
Japanese expansion in East Asia began in 1931 with the invasion of Manchuria and continued in 1937 with a brutal attack on China. ... Seeking to curb Japanese aggression and force a withdrawal of Japanese forces from Manchuria and China, the United States imposed economic sanctions on Japan.
Poland: September 1, 1939 under orders of Hitler, Germany began its three-pronged attack into Poland from the North, South, and West, but by October the Polish troops were ordered to relocate to Paris, France. Paris: June 14, 1940, Parisians watched as German tanks, soldiers, and aircraft entered the city of Paris. Over 2 million Parisians fled before the Nazi arrives as the purge of the jews and political foes began.
The war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the subsequent German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.