The first Continental Congress was a meeting of the representatives from twelve of the thirteen colonies, on October 26, 1774. The purpose of the meeting was to boycott all contact with British goods. They reacted to the Townshend act.
The Olive Branch Petition
The Battle of Lexington and Concord took place on April 19, 1775. At Lexington, neither side expected to fight, but a gunshot went off forcing the British to attack. As the British came into Concord searching for the stash of weapons more and more Americans came and defeated the British.
The Revolutionary War
On May 10, 1775 it was agreed that a Continental Army would be created. The congress commissioned George Washington to be the General of the Army. They tried again for peace by sending the Olive Branch petition to the King of Britain.
The Declaration of Independence
The American delegates pleaded with George III to attempt a peaceful resolution, on July 8, 1775. It was an attempt to assert their rights while maintaining their loyalty to the crown. The King refused this petition.
The American Revolutionary War was a war fought between Great Britain and the original 13 British colonies in North America. The war took place in 1775 to 1783. The American Patriots won independence from Great Britain, becoming the United States of America.
Thomas Jefferson had originally wrote the Declaration of Independence. The main purpose was to explain to foreign nations why the colonies had chosen to separate themselves from Great Britain.