Oh hey there, I have a lot to tell you all today! The English langauge needs phrases and clauses.
A phrase is a group of words together with no sudject or verb. A clause is a sentence with a subject and verb.
Phrases and clauses are a necessity to English language because all sentences would be bland without our simple sentences. They also help with explaining things in shorter sentences.
Next, dependent clauses depend on independent clauses because they aren't complete sentences, making it gramatically incorrect if it's by itself.
The order of the two clauses lets you know where you put the subordinating conjunction. Some of the conjunctions are: after, although, until, unless, because and many more.
To make a sentence with a independent and dependent clause, you'll need a subordinating conjunction. A subordinating conjuction provides transition between ideas such as independent and dependent clauses.
They're always talking to the air all around town while they call me weird.
I'll stop talking to the air when y'all stop calling me weird.
Yes, actually. If you'll excuse me, I have to go feed my cat whenever he's done with his little pajama party.
Even though you are extremely weird, I will stop calling you that. There, happy?
As you're saying this right to my face, you're doing the same exact thing.
You use a colon between independent clauses when the second sentence explains on the other sentence or when making a list. For example, "I went to the store and bought foods: peaches, carrots, breads and chocolate."
Finally, we have semicolons and colons. You use semicolons if you need to make a list of items already separated with commas, such as locations, names and dates.