With, General Joseph Hooker commanding as general for the Union forces in the Civil War, there have been over ten battles before the battle of Gettysburg. As general Robert E. Lee and general Stonewall Jackson command the Confederate forces in the Civil War, both sides are looking for a victory and possibly a turning point in the war. The Battle of Gettysburg could be one in which one side will have that turning point occur. The battle had been hosted by the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This will forever be the sight where the largest battle took place.
No more invasion in the North!
Nothing will stop us!
On July 1st, 1863, the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg would take place. Northern Virginia (confederates) would take on the Potomac Army (Union). Artillery played a key role in the battle and turned the tide against the confederates. As the confederates pushed the Union troops back through Gettysburg, Union soldiers regrouped along the high ground of Cemetery Ridge. At this point, E. Lee did not attack. This left the federals with a great defense position, ready for the second day.
Keep pushing them back!
Stand your ground!
The second day of Gettysburg would happen on July 2nd, 1863. At the beginning of the day, Lee orders an attack on the left side of the Union line. His decision was sparked by his confidence after the first day. Lee was rejected by Union Colonel Joshua bayonet charge down Little Round Top. With no choice, Lee was later forced to retreat back to southern territory. Eventually, Confederates attack Cemetery Ridge until nightfall.
Were going in!
Keep the defense position!
July 3rd, 1863, Confederate general Robert E. Lee, wants to attack the Union. With, Lee thinking the Union is severely battered and ready to break, he plans to attack the center Union line at Cemetery Ridge. After this, General George Pickett, the commander of the largest Confederate unit, has his 15,000 count of men take part in Pickett's Charge. The Confederates march slowly up Cemetery Ridge. Soon, severe fire is hitting the unit, so Confederates retreat, leaving 7,500 casualties on the field.
After the Battle of Gettysburg, 23,049 casualties are left for the Union and 28,063 for the Confederates. There was so much importance to this battle, as it was the largest and bloodiest battle of the Civil War. The Union victory had stopped Lee's invasion of the North. If the Confederates would have won, it could of ended the war. The significance of this battle meant there was no relief to the state of Virginia. Lastly, it was a turning point because it caused the Confederates to retreat and they never recovered.
The Gettysburg Address is known to be the best speech in American History. The speech delivered by president Abraham Lincoln delivered remarks on the principles of human equality contained in the Declaration of Independence. It was delivered at the Gettysburg battlefield cemetery. This being the resting place for more than 3,500 Union soldiers killed in the battle. An excerpt that I think is the most important is "Four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the preposition that all men are created equal."
... and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.