The British prime minister Lord Fredrick North faced a problem. A group called British East India was hit hard by colonial boycotts.
The warehouses were bulging with 17 million pounds of tea and the company was nearing bankruptcy. North devised the Tea Act to save it.
The Tea Act granted the company the right to sell the tea to the colonies free of tax that the tea sellers had to pay. The action would cut the colonial merchants out of the tea trade. Doing this the East India Company could sell to the consumers for less.
On December 16, 1773 at Griffin's Wharf in Boston, Massachusetts a political protest occurred called the Boston Tea Party. During this 18,000 pounds of the Company's tea was dumped into the water of Boston Harbor by the "Indians".
After hearing about this, King George III was angry with the destruction of British property. He pressed Parliament to handle the situation.
Parliament passed a series of measures that the colonist called the Intolerable Acts. This act shut the Boston Harbor down since the colonist refused to pay the damaged tea. The Quartering Act gave the British commanders authority to house soldiers in the vacant private homes and empty buildings.