Purpose: Biohazards can become airborne and inhaled when splashes, aerosols, or fumes are generated. Airborne infections can be transmitted unless N95 respirators are worn. Airborne precautions minimizes the spread of infection through airborne pathogens, and therefore provides a safer health care environment.
Patients and their room: Patients with the varicella virus, pulmonary tuberculosis, and measles are required to be put into airborne isolation rooms. Patient rooms are to be AIIR (Airborne Infection isolation Room) with negative air pressure in place. Pressure is to be checked daily with visual indicators such as flutter strips.PPE: Gown, gloves, N95 respirator mask; hand hygiene follows normal standard precautions protocol.
Protocols Hand Hygiene: Wash hands with soap and water before entering the room and after leaving the room. Disinfectant: Use microbial disinfectants approved by the EPA to disinfect all surfaces, especially those that are near the patient. Patient Transport: Patient must be wearing a mask while being transported toa a different place.