I'm Kevin and I'm here to tell you about protein synthesis
The first part of protein synthesis is called translation. This is when DNA is split open by helicase and eventually made into messenger RNA
After helicase splits the DNA, Primase leads polymerase in the right direction to be able to build an mRNA copy of the strand of DNA
The next phase of this process is called translation where ribosomes read the mRNA and create a string of amino acids
Its not all puppies and butterflies though, mutations can occur, such as translocation, this is when a piece breaks off of a chromosome and attaches onto another, this is usualy fine but it may cause autism. Which is quite a negative affect.
A duplication is when an extra copy of DNA is in the chromosome and it has a negative affect, down syndrome.
A chromosomal deletion is when a strand of DNA is lost. Small deletions aren't fatal but large ones almost always are.
an isochromosome is another type of mutation. This is when both legs of a chromosome are both short or both long rather than one of each. This is fine if its balanced but if unbalanced it causes partial or complete loss of the x chromosome. Which greatly harms sexual development
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A chromosome inversion is when a piece of a chromosome is broken off, spun around and put back in. This can lower fertility, Which causes a lot of problems.
This piece of DNA broke off and it could either be in inversion or translocation
This is a copy of the other DNA due to duplication
This one is shorter than the other due to deletion or an isochromosome if it were a chromosome