China’s one-child policy has been effective, the working population has increased rapidly until the child policy has stopped in 2016. The policy was put in place in 1979 and ended 32 years later. They have decreased the growth of the younger population. They have stopped it because the aging population has increased rapidly compared to the younger population specifically children younger than the age of 15.
China's One Child Policy
This also caused families to have one child and the males are higher in the Chinese society so parents would prefer to have boys over girls. The ratio of the males over females is 106.5:100 in 2015. It is one of the highest ratios in the world.
This has also decreased the birth rate from 2.7 to 1.7 during the policy from 1978 to 2013. It is estimated that about 300 million to 400 million births have been prevented. Before the one-child policy the infant mortality rate for males was 60 in 1000 and in females it was 53 in 1000. In the 2000s it has gone down to 21 in 1000 for boys and 28 in girls.
China gave fines to the parents that have more than one child. They have collected more than two trillion yuan worth of fines. The biggest fine given at a time is over 1 million yuan.
The fertility of Chinese women has also decreased from 2.1 to 1.55. The growth rate for the population in 1950 was 1.9% if it was 3% the population would have doubled in about 24 years which means that it would have already been doubled. It is now down to 0.7 percent. There are over 60 million more men than women in China.
China stopped the ended the one-child policy in 2016, one of the main reasons is because its population is aging and there are more workers needed for the tax to look for the elderly.