Simon is a symbol of Jesus Christ, he went to inform others of good news but ended up sacrificing himself as a result.
The beast symbolizes the boys fear of the unknown . The unknown can often lead to people making false claims.
The Mask represents a front that the boys put up that gives an excuse to be able to act out
"Surrounded by a fringe of inquisitive bright creatures, itself a silver shape beneath the steadfast constellations, Simon's dead body moved out toward the open sea"(Golding 154).
Piggys glasses represent usage of technology in society where brains are better than brawns
"There isn't anyone to help you. Only me. And I'm the Beast... Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill!... You knew, didn't you? I'm part of you? Close, close, close! I'm the reason why it's no go? Why things are the way they are?"(Golding 143)
The conch represents unity and leadership
"Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Spill her blood"(Golding 69).
Jack represents the savage survival instincts that are imbedded in mankind.
“His specs–use them as burning glasses!”(Golding 40).
“Where’s the man with the megaphone?”(Golding 39).
"I got the conch" Said Piggy indignantly. " You let me speak!" " The conch doesnt count on top of the mountain" Said Jack," So you shut up"(Golding 42).