Laws of Thermodynamics

Laws of Thermodynamics
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  •  THE LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS
  • THERMODYNAMICS IS THE STUDY OF ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONS.
  • ALL CELLULAR PROCESSES REQUIRE ENERGY.
  • METABOLISM IS THE ENTIRETY OF ALL THESE PROCESSES AND HOW LONG THEY TAKE.
  • THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS SAYS THAT THE MORE TRANSFORMATIONS THAT TAKE PLACE, THE GREATER THE ENTROPY IN THE UNIVERSE.
  • A METABOLIC PATHWAY IS A GROUP OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS THAT EITHER PRODUCE SOMETHING - ANABOLIC PATHWAY - OR BREAK SOMETHING DOWN - CATABOLIC PATHWAY.
  • STARTING MOLECULE
  • EACH REACTION REQUIRES A DIFFERENT ENZYME AS A CATALYST.
  • ENZYME #1
  • THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF ENERGY - KINETIC AND POTENTIAL
  • KINETIC ENERGY IS THE ENERGY OF MOTION.  THERMAL ENERGY IS AN EXAMPLE.
  • POTENTIAL ENERGY IS ENERGY THAT IS NOT YET MOVING .  AN EXAMPLE IS CHEMICAL ENERGY.
  • THE FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS SAYS THAT ENERGY CAN BE TRANSFORMED, BUT IT CANNOT BE DESTROYED OR CREATED.
  • ENTROPY IS THE MEASURE OF CHAOS OR RANDOMNESS.
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