James the first started the disagreement between monarchy and parliament. Charles the first also strongly believed in the Divine Right of Kings when he took over. Parliament tried taking that away along with his power and he was against that. Parliament wanted to limit his taxing, imprisonment of citizens, his quarter troops, and the martial law.
I'm glad we can agree.
This started a war between the Cavaliers and Roundheads, this meant civil war. The cavaliers were with the king and the Roundheads were with parliament. Oliver Cromwell took over leadership in Parliament for the New Model Army. Cromwell won the war and the king and Cavaliers lost.
Even my soldiers have abandoned me I have no choice but to leave.
After Cromwell won the war he got rid of people that didn't support him. Cromwell beheaded Charles the first and was the first to behead a king in public. He got rid of the monarchy, got commonwealth, and set up a military dictatorship.
There will be no more talk of the Divine Right of Kings for that is abolished.
In 1658 Cromwell died due to a disease. The army brought the English monarchy back. This brought Charles the Second, Charles the First son, to take over the crown and become king. Charles knew better than his father and grandfather and did not challenge parliament for the Divine Rights or anything that threatened their authority.
In 1685 Charles brother, James the Second, took the throne over. James was openly Catholic and did not have many supporters so he fled to France while his daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange were invited to invade and take over England by a group of English Nobles that wanted them.
William and Mary won with little to no bloodshed involved. In 1689 they accepted the throne and started the Bill of Rights so they had a constitutional monarchy that let Parliament rule along with the monarchy and they completely demolished the Divine Right of Kings.