Other Components of the blood- Plasma and Platelets
Ruby will be taking us through her lifetime within the red blood cell. She has many family members because there are many other red blood cells (50% components) as well us white blood cells (45% components) and Plasma&Platelets (add up to 5%m in total) as her friends. All of her family members does the same things, they carry oxygen, contains haemoglobin whilst has no nulceus. Her best friends, work within the immune system- let's go there!
How red blood cells adapted?
Lizzy and Panke are twins work within the Immune System, Lizzy (the Lymphocyte) will create antibodies and antitoxins to lock onto the pathogen's antigens & toxins. *Pathogens are a disease causing microoganisms.* Panke (the Phagocyte) will take on the role to engulf the pathogen that Lizzy had taken down. In order for the pathogen to not affect the human, the memory cell will remember everything and take action quicker the next time it comes.
Types of Blood Vessels
After visiting where the white bllod cells work, where they fight infections, we come to meet Pepper(Plasma cell) and Penelope(Platelet Cell). Pepper carries everything else other than oxygen such as hormones, glucose and carbon dioxide. Penelop helps with blood clotting (creating scabs) in which she would release a fibrous net and stop/catches the red blood cells from escaping.
Right Side of the Heart- The Double Circulatory System
Ruby's family members are adapted to carry oxygen with their adaptations. They have larger surface area to volume in ratio as well the bioconcave shape to help create a larger area. Red blood cells contains haemoglobin where it combines with oxygen so the lack of nucleus would provide more space for the haemoglobin. All red blood cells would travel to the Heart, so let's go there using the Type A transport!
Tansporting to the Heart or other places will be within Blood Vessel Cars- 3 types.Type A, the Arteries, they will travel to the Organs from the Heart. Type A is made out of thick walls from muscle and elastic fibres. Type V, the Veins, will take them from the heart and into the organs, made out of thinner walls and valves to prevent backflow. Type C, the Capillaries will allow the substances needed by the cells to pass out and allow the produced Cells to pass into the Families, made out of narrower and thin-walled blood vessels.
From the heart, Ruby and her family will go through a cycle called the Double Circulatory System. Ruby will be passing through the Heart twice on each circuit. Ruby will firstly enter the Heart through Veins and into the Right Vena Cava into the Right Atrium (passing the Right Valve- Tricepid Valves) and the Right Ventricle then transport out the Pulmonary Artery to the lungs.