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Light, CO2, & water enter the chloroplast
Light reaction occurs in the thylakoid, making ATP & NADPH for the Calvin Cycle. It produces oxygen.
Calvin Cycle occurs in the stroma, using ATP & NADPH to reduce CO2 to sugar.
Mitochondria: uses O2 to drive the generation of ATP by extracting sugars, fats, and other fuels to create energy for the cell
Chloroplasts: convert solar energy to chemical energy by absorbing sunlight and using it to drive the synthesis of organic compounds such as sugars from carbon dioxide and water
ATP powers cellular work in both plant and animal cells.
Specific enzymes breakdown each macro molecule, providing us with the energy we need for cellular activities.
The food we eat contains macro molecules (lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids).
Photosynthesis Photosynthesis converts light energy to the chemical energy of food.
Herbivores consume the energy and sugar produced by the plant, making them the primary consumers or secondary consumers.
Plants convert sunlight to energy, making them the primary producers.
Once I die, I decompose in the soil so plants can use my nutrients to start the process all over again.
Energy in the Cell Plant cells produce their own energy while animal cells must consume organic sources to get energy.
Survival depends on inherited traits.
The giraffe with the short neck will die because it is unable to reach the food source. It will not produce offspring, so this short neck trait will dissipate.
Energy and Macro Molecule Usage by OrganismsCells store energy obtained by macro molecules to maintain it for long-term usage.
Abiotic Effect:Poor soil causes a Macaw's food source to diminish, thus reducing the population.
Death and emigration decrease population.
Birth and Immigration increase population
Energy in the EnvironmentEnergy circulates throughout the environment.
Predators eat the primary consumers, thus receiving their meal's energy.
The giraffe with the tall neck is able to reach the food source, therefore, it will survive and produce offspring with this trait.
Organism SurvivalAdaptations enhance an organisms survival and reproduction in a specific environment.
Population DynamicsImmigration, emigration, an organism's birth and death, and other biotic and abiotic factors influence population dynamics.
Biotic Effect:Humans cut down trees (a Macaw's natural habitat) to make way for civilization, reducing the population.