Dred Scott by Hanna Nicolls

Dred Scott by Hanna Nicolls

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  • Dred Scott was bought by an army surgeon, Doctor John Emerson, in Missouri in 1832.
  • Doctor John Emerson
  • Wisconsin
  • Due to reassignment, Emerson took Scott to the Northern States where Emerson married Eliza Sanford. In Saint Louis Scott married Harriet Robinson and her ownership was transferred to Emerson, where then they moved back to Missouri.
  • However, in 1843 Emerson died and Scott tried to buy his freedom but the widow would not agree. 
  • Missouri
  • I will not give you your freedom.
  • Supreme Court
  • let's do this.
  • Both Dred and Harriet Scott later sued for their freedom, but it went back and forth for years until it went all the way to the Supreme Court. There, they decided that Scott did not have the legal right to sue since he was not a citizen for being a slave. 
  • Through all of the trials, part of Scott's legal fees were paid for by his original owner, Peter Blow. Although he did fail to sue for his freedom, Blow arranged to purchase both Dred and Harriet Scott and set them free. However, Emerson's widow remarried and accepted $750 for their freedom. 
  • We're finally free!
  • Legacy/Impact
  • The legacy of the Dred Scott Case was that it legalized slavery in the United States which also nullified the Missouri Compromise since now slaves were pronounced slaves in both the North and the South. People in the North then began to purchase slaves in the South and bring them to the North to work. 
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