General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the Mexican dictator, arreseted Stephen E. Austin for trying to negotiate with him about Texas immigration policies. He arrested him for "prompting rebellion".
Once Austin was released from prison, the Texans were furious. They went out to the Alamo to battle Santa Anna's army. However, Santa Anna's army ended up outnumbering the Texans by large numbers.
Texas Wins Its Independence
On the other hand, William Travis, a well-known Texas "freedom fighter", sent messengers to other towns to beg for reinforcements. Sadly, new reinforcements never came.
To Annex Texas or Not?
Texas is now officially the 28th state of the United States!
For almost 2 weeks the Mexicans continuously fired cannonballs at the Alamo. Then on March 6, Santa Anna ordered his army to attack. For 90 minutes straight both sides fought very hard. By the end of the day, all of the Alamo's defenders had died.
The Texans were enraged at the thought of Santa Anna killing all of the Alamo's defenders. So Sam Houston, the commander of the Texas revolutionary army, lured Santa Anna and his army deeper into Texas. When Santa Anna's army was resting after staying up all night waiting for a surprise attack, Houston attacked them in their Mexican camp. They defeated Santa Anna's army and gained independence from Mexico.
Now that Texas has gained its independence, the United States was divided on whether or not to annex Texas. People in the North that opposed slavery didn't want to annex Texas because it would add another slave state to the U.S. People in the South wanted to annex Texas because it would add another slave state. Despite the division of the country, Texas was admitted into the U.S. in 1845 as the 28th state.