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The leaders of the Bolshevik Revolution were from a privileged, educated stratum of society, known as the intelligentsia, but as Marxists they represented the proletariat (working class)
THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION
The Bolsheviks' slogan appealed to both the working class and discontented peasantry.
"Land, Peace and Bread!"
Their version of democracy greatly differed from Western democracy; theirs was a system with one hierarchical, strictly disciplined party.
Democratic Centralism & Vanguardism
"This is what democracy looks like!"
The Bolsheviks (from 1918 to 1921) were involved in an extended civil war for the control of the countrysides and outlying regions. They introduced war communism necessary for the war effort. The state forcibly took grain/food from the peasants.
The NEP was introduced after the war in an effort to accommodate the peasantry. State control over the economy was loosened and private trade and enterprise were revived.
Throughout the 20s, democratic aspects of the regime gave way to authoritarianism and opposition to the party was systematically silenced. A period of isolation began as Russia's former allies withdrew their support in a stand against the spread of communism; Stalin rose to power and pursued rapid industrialization and increased political control in order to survive in isolation and create a self-sufficient socialist state.
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