While the businessmen in town were not abolitionists, they were anti slavery. But the town itself was pro-slavery as well as the country around it. In fact, the country was so opposed to stopping slavery at this time, we could only take the [those hiding called] fugitives out of town and through the country along definite and limited routes.
The Under Ground Railroad Pt.2
The Fugitive Slave Acts were a pair of federal laws that allowed for the capture and return of runaway slaves in the United States. The first Fugitive Slave Act was passed by Congress in 1793. It authorized local governments to seize and return escaped slaves to their owners. It also imposed punishments on anyone who helped slaves in their flight.
Underground Railroad and the coming of war
During the period leading up to the Civil War, black women all over the North formed a devoted but now largely forgotten abolitionist army. In many different ways, these women worked to bring immediate emancipation to the South. Anti-slavery Northern black women felt the sting of oppression personally. Like the slaves they, too, were victims of racist prejudice.
Patrick Henry's "Give Me Liberty Or Give Me Death"
There was one adventure that required all my skill and resourcefulness. It started when my friend Tom Collins came to me one night very excited. He brought with him one of the free men of the town along with a message, which said that there were slaves hiding in the woods in Kentucky about 20 miles from the river.
The Underground Railroad was a secret network that helped escaping slaves. It passed them from community to community until they reached freedom. Some students wonder whether these escape routes were actually under the ground. But the phrase “Underground Railroad” is better understood as a way to describe a group of people connected mainly by their intense desire to help other people escape from slavery.
The question before the House is of great importance to this country. I myself consider it nothing less than a question of freedom or slavery. Since the importance of the subject is so great, the freedom of our debate should be just as great.