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CONSTITUTIONAL COMPROMISES BY:Herman Baichan
We are here to make a decision on the New Jersey plan, or the Virginia Plan.
New Jersey plan!!
The New Jersey plan gives the states an equal opportunity to participate in government. The federal government had a unicameral legislature. Each state had a single vote in the Congress to prevent larger states from gaining too much power.
The Virginia Plan is a two house legislature with representation thats evenly divided between the states. It is a bicameral legislature and it will improve the states influence on the government.
I have a better idea! I will propose a two-house legislature, consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives. The Senate will have an equal number of representatives from each state. This would satisfy the states with smaller populations. The House of Representatives will include one representative for each 30,000 individuals in a state.
this will be called the Great Compromise
Slavery has become a basis of life in many southern colonies. I propose to represent each slave as 3/5ths of a person. The northerners regard slaves as property who should receive no representation. Southerners demanded that Blacks be counted with whites. The “Three-fifths Compromise” is what I propose and it will allow a state to count three fifths of each Black person in determining political representation in the House.
The Convention gave the federal government full power to levy taxes, borrow money, establish uniform duties and excise taxes, coin money, fix weights and measures, grant patents and copyrights, set up post offices, and build post roads. The national government also had the power to raise and maintain an army and navy and to regulate interstate commerce. It was given the management of Indian affairs, foreign policy and war. It could pass laws for controlling foreigners and controlling public lands. The Great Compromise and the 3/5 Compromise were also some of the outcomes of the Convention
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