I must come up with my variables and controls now, my independent variable, or the thing I am changing, is whether or not the mouse gets cheese at the end of the maze. The dependent variable, or the thing I am measuring, is how long it takes a mouse to run to the end of the maze. I will control, or keep the same, the types of mice I use and the same maze to run through.
Now, I must design an experiment to test my independent variable.
I will have two groups, the control group will be the mice that don't get any cheese. I will introduce both groups to their mazes once a day for thirty minutes. I will do this for 3 weeks. At the end, I will measure the time it takes on average for a mouse of each group to finish the maze.
Time to do my final test and gather my data! 3....2....1.... GO!
Now, I have finally finished my experiment, I can read and analyze my data. My results show me that mice that had cheese at the end of the maze when they were introduced to it, were able to complete the maze in 7 seconds, while mice not given cheese took 20 seconds to complete the maze. This matches my hypothesis and proves that the law of effect and operant conditioning is a valid thing when it comes to animal behavior.
Now it is time for me to follow the final step in the scientific process and that is to share my results with other scientists so they can see and us my data.