We are hungry but i can't provide food for my family.
The lion attacked me. Life is hard and dangerous.
we have to gather our food it takes to long and its never enough.
we discovered that we can plant our food and it grows more food. Now everyone is doing it.
we'v learned to tame our animals and keep them home instead of risking our lives and going out to hunt.
for a long time people were nomads they depended on nature for their survival. Nomads are people who don't have a permanent home. They also had to live in caves, they also had to move a lot after they ran out of the the nature to depend on.
We all have permanent homes now.
In the nomads time men would have to go outside hunt and risk their lives for food. Women would have to gather wild plants. Whenever all the animals would die or there would be no more plants to pick off of they would have to move. Another reason why they would have to move is when every time there was a natural disaster it could reduce the amount the amount of food which was really devastating.
We need laws.
I will be your leader
A long time ago around 8,000 years ago people discovered a new way to provide food. This revolutionary discovery was farming. The people wouldn't need to hunt or gather plants because people learned that all they had to do was grow there own food. Wild animals were also domesticated which means they were tamed and they had them in their home. Goats were utilized for their meat and milk. Pigs and chicken provided a good source of food.
Now we have enough food for everyone!
After the early humans discovered farming life was a lot easier because it finally allowed people to build permanent villages along rivers, or wherever the ground was fertile enough to grow crops.
There were small groups of people that would build permanent shelter than those small groups joined other groups to form bigger communities as they developed so did their need for order. They needed laws in order to interact with each other. In order to address these laws they would need a leader.
Surplus means to have more than enough and that is exactly what happened after people started farming. After they had the surplus amount of food and the good homes people decided they they didn't need to farm anymore and decided to focus on what they really want to do in life. Specialized farmers would trade so everyone would be able to have a larger choice of food.