The Firing on the Fort Sumter was an attack with bombs, missiles, and shells. The battle started on April 12, 1861 and only lasted a day. Fort Sumter was the beginning of the Civil War. It was near Charleston, South Carolina. The Confederate State Army was victorious during this battle and the Union Army surrendered.
The Battle of Antietam, also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, started on September 17, 1862. This battle helped issue the Emancipation Proclamation and gave the Union Army their victory. It was one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War.
Battle of Gettysburg
Siege of Vicksburg was the final major military action, resulting in the Confederate Army surrendering. It started in May 18, 1863 and ended in July 4, 1863. Because of the Confederate Army surrendering, the Union Army were victorious and boosted Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant reputation.
Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Court House
The Emancipation Proclamation was supposed to change the right of over 3.5 million slaves who are in the South Side to become free slaves. It was issued on January 1, 1863. It was signed by Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862. The purpose was to free them, but it didn't give the slaves equal rights.
Robert E. Lee, general from the Confederate Army, led his army to Pennsylvania. The Confederates clashed with the Union side, General George G. Meade's army. It was fought on June 1, 1863 and ended on July 3, 1863. It resulted in the Union Army gaining a victory.
This battle only lasted a few hours. Yes, this was a Union Army victory because of Gen. Robert E. Lee's surrender. This is often called the end of the Civil War. It is said that Gen. Lee had no hope for his army, causing him to surrender to Lieutenant Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865. It hurt Lee to have to surrender and make terms with Grant, but he had lost so many lives that he didn't want to risk losing more.