We cannot let slavery expand into another state! Slavery will just expand more, despite our best efforts to contain it!!! We need to act now!
NO MISSOURI COMPROMISE!
Northern Free States: Beliefs About Congressional Power?
Hello, fellow Northerners. We, as the Congress, shall decide on which states are slave states and which are free
Well... okay, as long as there's a balance.
Northern Free States: Fears About the Compromise?
The Missouri Compromise is no good! It'll only strengthen slavery! And, even worse, the Southerners will have an advantage in Congress!
Quite right! They're taking advantage of us, they are!
The Northerners opposed the Missouri Compromise because of their strong sectionalism. They wanted to contain slavery, and some even wanted to abolish it. The Missouri Compromise let slavery expand into yet another slave state and left all of the West open for slavery. Finally, states like Texas that fell onto the Southern side of the dividing line were annexed, therefore upsetting the balance.
Southern Slave States: Why Did They Support It?
WE WANT THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE!!! It'll expand slavery and let us keep our jobs!!! We can move to the West, and take our slaves with us! Slavery won't be destroyed! Now who's with me?
Most Northerners agreed with Federal authority. They supported most of the actions of the Federal government and respected Congressional power. They thought that it was okay for the government to decide the slave states and free states as long as the balance of powers was maintained.
Southern Slave States: Beliefs About States' Rights?
Northerners needed slavery to get cheap products when manufacturing, but they wanted to contain it as much as possible. Because of this, they feared the Missouri Compromise would strengthen slavery and upset the balance between free states and slave states in Congress in favor of the slave states.
Southern Slave States: Fears About the Compromise?
Hmmph! I reckon those Northerners are gonna abolish slavery through the Missouri Compromise! I could lose everything I have!!! This ain't right.
Southerners supported the Missouri Compromise because they wanted the expansion of slavery so they could keep making a living off of cheap labor and wanted a balance of power in Congress so that slavery wouldn't be regulated or abolished, which they got from Missouri. Also, as time went on, more lands were opened up on the slave state side of the line, and the West became open for slavery.
Southerners believed strongly in state's rights. They believed that the federal government did not have the right to interfere with slavery. This is because they claimed that slaves were personal property, and a democratic government has no right to take away personal property.
Sir, yes sir!
The government shall not take away my slaves! They are my property, so it is my decision to keep or get rid of them! Do you agree, soldier?!
Southerners were mostly worried about the ending of slavery due to the Missouri Compromise. They feared that slavery would be permanently abolished and would set a precedent to end slavery, not expand it northwards. This would mean that they would also lose representation in Congress due to the failing of the Three-Fifths Compromise.