Geography and Development of Ancient Rome

Geography and Development of Ancient Rome
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  • Geography and Location of Rome
  • Myth of Romulus and Remus
  • Influence of Etruscan Engineering
  • Rome is in what is now Italy, and is commonly known as a peninsula. A peninsula is a piece of land that is surrounded by water on 3 sides. This peninsula is known for looking like a boot. 
  • Influence of Etruscan Sports
  • There is a myth about how Rome began. It started with two baby twins, Romulus and Remus. Their dad, the god Mars, threw them in a river and tried to drown them. The twins were saved by a wolf, and years later, after Romulus killed Remus, he began the civilization of Rome by the Tiber river where he and his brother were saved by the wolf. 
  • Influence of Greek Architecture
  • The Romans learned important engineering skills from the Etruscans. They learned how to build the cuniculus and the arch. The cuniculus is an underground trench that is used to drain, irrigate, and distibute water around Rome. The arch is a half-circle of wedged stone supported by two pillars. The arch was used in many famous buildings, including the Colosseum.
  • Influence of Greek Art, Religion, and Writing
  • The Romans adapted two bloody Etruscan sporting events: gladiator fighting and chariot racing. Chariot drivers were strapped to their carts and could be trampled to death if they fell off. Gladiator fighting began as slave fighting, where two slaves from a dead master fought to the death.
  • Some of the Roman's greatest architectural achievements had high Greek influence. The Pantheon, for example, had Greek columns. The Circus Maximus, which is a huge stadium for entertainment such as gladiator fighting, could seat more than 200,000 people!
  • Many Roman writers wrote myths, poetry, and historical writing, which was from the Greeks. Romans also loved making statues of people and gods that accurately represented them. The Romans had the same gods as the Greeks, but they made them their own by changing the names: Zeus to Jupiter, Athena to Minerva, Artemis to Diana, etc.
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