A group was caught breaking into the Democratic headquarters at Watergate Hotel in 1973. The public learned Nixon had taped all his White House conversations. He claimed he had executive privilege and refused to hand over the tapes.
Question Before The Court
Does "executive privilege" excuse the President from turning over documents serving as evidence in a criminal proceeding?
The US argued that executive privilege could not be used under the circumstances that they were in.
Nixon argued that he could use executive privilege to refuse handing over the tapes.
The Supreme Court ruled that "executive privilege" could not justify him withholding the tapes in the circumstances. The President was ordered to hand over the tapes.