Sex refers to the biological differences between men, woman, and intersexed individuals. Gender is the socially constructed differences created and given by different cultures. Because various cultures have differing values and traditions, genders and their roles vary from culture to culture. (Whittington-Walsh, powerpoint.)
To Kill A Mockingbird
Gender roles are socially constructed behaviours and actions expected of each gender. They are based on the society. Unequal treatment in a society because of one's gender is gender inequality. In Western societies, this promotes the idea that woman are less than men therefore do not earn the same respects or rights. (Whittington-Walsh, powerpoint) For example, in Canada it was legal until 1953 for employers to pay women less for the same work done by a man. (Little, 2013)
"Boy's don't cook." (Lee, 84)
The functionalist perspective is that gender roles have served practical uses throughout history, therefore they are the way that society needs them to be to function. The polar-opposite of this ideology is the marxist-feminist perspective. Marxist-feminist believe that capitalist created gender roles and inequality to maintain property and power. (Whittington-Walsh, powerpoint.)
Woman on the Jury
The book "To Kill A Mockingbird" by Harper Lee tells the story of an accused black mans trial in Southern Alabama in the 1930s, during the great depression. The trial and events surrounding it are interpreted through the eyes of the defendant's lawyer's young daughter, Scout.
As much as Scout defies gender roles herself, by playing rough games, fighting and refusing to wear dresses, she reinforces certain gender roles to her cousin, Francis. (Lee, 84.) She fails to realize that saying boy's can't cook is like saying girls can't wear pants.
The woman of Maycomb are still unable to serve on a jury because of gender inequality. Atticus, a progressive lawyer, reveals this reasoning by telling Scout that "[He] doubt[s] if we'd ever get a complete case tried-the ladies'd be interrupting to ask questions." (Lee, 225) Even he believes that woman are too curious and talkative to handle an entire trial.