The Mongols in China

The Mongols in China

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  • The Mongol People
  • Hello there! I'm the son of a Mongol warrior. Soon, I will be just like him!
  • Hi! I am a Mongol warrior. We are best at riding horses and using arrows.
  • Genghis Khan
  • Wow! It is a pleasure to meet you. My name is Genghis Khan and I am the ruler of the Mongols.
  • The Mongol Empire
  • The Mongols lived in an area north of China called Mongolia. The Mongols raised cattle, sheep, horses and many other animals. They followed their animals across the hills of Mongolia. The Mongols were known for two main things. First, their ability to ride horses. Second, their ability to wage war. Both of these talents helped the Mongols to conquer land.
  • Kublai Khan
  • Hi! I'm Genghis Khan's grandson, Kublai Khan. Just like my grandpa, I had many great accomplishments
  • Genghis Khan was the greatest ruler of the Mongols. He brought together Mongol laws in a new code. He also created a group of tribal chiefs to help him plan military campaigns. All his life, Genghis Khan conquered lands beyond Mongolia. He also assembled a stronger army made up of about 100,000 warriors. They used terror to conquer land. The Mongols adopted both gunpowder and the fire lance from the Chinese army.
  • The Yuan Dynasty
  • When Genghis Khan Died in 1227, the Mongol Empire was divided among his 4 sons. Under their leadership, the empire continued to expand. In 1258, the famous city of Baghdad fell to the Mongol empire. Their empire reached from the Pacific Ocean in the East to the Mediterranean Sea in the West. Despite their terror, the Mongols eventually brought peace to the lands that they ruled.
  • Mongol Trade and Marco Polo
  • Kublai Khan was Genghis Khan's grandson. Kublai continued the conquest of China that his grandpa had begun. In 1264, Kublai moved his capital from Karakorum in Mongolia to Khanbaliq in northern China. Today the modern city of Beijing stands on the site of the Mongol's capital.
  • When Kublai Khan took over China, he put an end to the Song dynasty. Kublai Khan started the Yuan dynasty. Kublai Khan gave Mongol leaders the top jobs in the government, but he knew he needed Chinese scholar-officials to run the government. So he let many of the Chinese keep their government jobs. Even though the Mongols and Chinese lived in the same city, they had many differences. For example, they had different language, laws, and customs.
  • Marco Polo is one of the famous travelers to reach China. He came from the city of Venice in Italy. For 16 years Polo enjoyed a special status in China. Kublai sent him on trips to trade with other countries. For 3 of the 16 years, Polo ruled the Chinese city of Yangchow. The Mongol received goods from other countries such as silver, spices, carpets, and cotton. In return, China shipped out tea, silk, and porcelain.
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