In the allegory written by William Golding the antagonist known as Jack represents savagery. This power hungry character looses all forms humanity by the end of novel, and converts all the boys except for his rival Ralph. Joining jack's tribe represents the loss of civilization. When he paints a new face he becomes barbaric, obsessed with hunting the pigs and eventually people. The reader begins to view Jack as an evil character after Jack states, "He began to dance and his laughter became a bloodthirsty snarling . He capered toward Bill, and the mask was a thing on its own, behind which Jack hid, liberated from shame and self-consciousness." When Jack painted himself he lost all humanity and evolved into a power hungry savage.
Piggy represents rationalism on the island, he was the only one aware of the serious of the situation from the beginning and always thinking of ways to help the boys' survival. He supports Ralph as chief, this lead to resentment from Jack. When Jack steals Piggy's glasses the lack of sight represents a loss of all reason. This results in Piggy's demise. Piggy displayed reason while trying to assist Ralph in the control of the boys by saying, “Which is better, law and rescue, or hunting and breaking things up?”
In Lord of the Flies, Ralph represents civilization and democracy. In his meetings he gives everyone the opportunity to express their opinion. He is always trying to find new ways to prevent the boys from becoming savages, like making shelters and staying clean. In the end, Ralph is the only character who remains civilized and does not join Jack's tribe. When Piggy was trying to convince the boys to leave Jacks tribe he yelled, "Which is better—to be a pack of painted Indians like you are, or to be sensible like Ralph is?". This proves Ralph symbolizes civilization because Ralph's values mirror the morals of society at home.