Ganga River- soil is fertile and there is a lot of grazing land for your animals.
Jati, Kula, Varna and Gotra
1. Jati is the caste System. There are n number of Jatis.2. Varna is divided into 4- Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras.3. Kula is the family we belong to. 4. Many kulas claim to have been descended from the same ancestor and thus belong to the same Gotra.
Aryans believed that the Human life was divided into 4 different parts-1. Brahmacharya- Education2. Grihastha- Household and Reproduction3. Vanasprasta- Retirement4. Sanyasa- Renunciation
Many of the Rig Vedic Aryan gods were gods of natural forces. Aryans slowly stopped worshipping nature gods and started worshipping the Puranic gods. Aryan society did worship through rituals known as yagnas. These often involved the sacrifice of an offering to the gods which is placed in a fire. The most well-known yagnas from the Mahabharata are the Ashwamedha Yagna and Rajasuya Yagna. These yagnas are conducted to show the power of the king over the kingdom he rules.
Aryan Gods and Rituals
Semi DevineNagas, Apsaras, Gandharvas, Yakshas, Rakshasas, Asuras, Daityas and Danavas
The other tribes who originated from Nandini such as the Sabars, Pundras and Kiratas were indigenous tribes.Nishadas- People who are born to a brahmin man and shudra woman or vice versa. Ex- Ekalavya.
Sex is the physiology we are born with.
Sex consists of our biological makeup including our genitals, secondary sex characteristics, chromosomal makeup.
Shikhandi- TransgenderHidimbi- A rakshasi who married a Kshatriya (Bheema)Draupadi- A women who married 5 men (Pandavas)
Gender is what we make it out to be.
Gender consists of our identity, expressions, societal expectations etc.
1. A chief was selected amongst them called the Rajan who led the tribes in their clashes between the tribes, with the help of a commander-in-chief, priest, and a village head.2. The strongest person in the village would be the chief to defend the land and collect tribute from the people under him. These mahajanapadas had two types of governments– rajyas and ganas. As there was an increase in the production of crops and other goods with the increase in population, trade between the janapadas began to increase. In addition to this, janapadas which lay over areas which were rich in iron ore also started producing weapons and conquering other janapadas.3. A good leader should always go in the right path, and mainly do things for the welfare of their subjects only, but not for themselves. A good leader should follow the principles of truth, equality and righteousness.4. Owners of the highest number of cows and owners of large expanses of land were considered most wealthy.5. Cattle was another extremely important source of wealth in ancient India as indicated in the Mahabharata. There are multiple instances where killing, stealing or harming a cow meant the person would get cursed.