In 1776 a document declaring American independence from Great Britain and calling for equality, human rights, and citizen participation known as the Decleration of independance.
The continental congress needed legal authority for its actions, in 1777 its members proposed a governing document called articles of confederations
The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the constitution, which provided basic political rights.
In May 1787, Edmund Randolph of Virginia presented the delegates with James Madison's radical proposal for a new government known as the Virginia Plan.
To counter the Virginia plan, on June 15 William Patterson of New Jersey presented the convention with the New Jersey plan, which strengthened the Articles of Confederation.
Robert Sherman of Connecticut proposed a compromise on legislative representation whereby the lower chamber is based on population, and the upper chamber provides equal representation to the states
The enumerated powers were power expressly granted to the Congress by the Constitution
The three fifths compromise is a compromise over slavery at the Constitutional convention that granted states extra representation in the house of representatives based on their number of slaves at the ratio of three-fifths