These are the patriarchs. there were three patriarchs. Abraham is the father of Isaac is the father of Jacob. And Jacob is Isaac's son.
God tells Moses to save the Israelites from slavery from Egypt. They were held slave for four hundred thirty years. Moses took these people to the promised land. It took them about 40 years.God gave Moses the ten commandments and it took him 40 days and 40 nights to return from the mountain. The ten commandments were rules to follow to enter heaven. Moses died when he was 120 years old. Then, Joshua took over and they had to fight for their land.
The kingdom of Israel needed a king and a wise judge named Samuel. Samuel suggested that Saul should be their king because he was tall, strong and a great leader. Then came Solomon, son of Saul, he was the most religious king and he built the temple where people worship God. Then was King David,he reunited the 12 tribes but he was a weak leader.
The Greeks took over the Jewish and named it Palestine. The Jewish people wanted freedom of these Greeks and they fought the them. The Greeks got extremely mad and they raided the Jewish and they even raided the beautiful temple that king Solomon built. The Jewish seperated themselves into three parts; (Sadducees, Pharisees, Essenes)
After 100 years of Jewish independence the Romans took over their land which happened during Jesus' time. So, Jesus lived in a small place with a variety of landscapes and weather. With bread and wine as their most important diet. Also lived in a male dominated society and a community with a lot of jobs