“His specs – use them as burning glasses," (Golding, 40).
"Maybe there is a beast.... maybe it's only us," (Golding, 89).
"We can use this [shell] to call the others. Have a meeting. They'll come when they hear us," (Golding, 16).
Piggy's glasses helped create the fire that restored hope of being rescued on the deserted island. The glasses are a representation of the science and intellectual power in society. Jack is the one that came up with the idea to use the specs but Ralph puts the idea into action.
'I hit him all right. The spear stuck in. I wounded him!' He sunned himself in their new respect and felt that hunting was good after all," (Golding,113)
" Hair, much too long, tangled here and there, knotted round a dead leaf or twig," (Golding, 110).
The beast represents the primal instinct of savagery that exists in all humans. During a group meeting pictures and descriptions are thrown around as to what the Beast looks like, but Simon is the only one that catches on to the fact that the beast is inside of them all.
The conch shell is a representation of order and political power, democracy, and participation in a civilized society. Piggy immediately sees Ralph as a leader because of looks and his idea to use the conch shell.
The pig hunts represents the blood lust and savagery that takes over and consumes Jack and his hunters. Jack comes back to the group after his hunt, swelled with pride. He then chooses to tell the group the entire detailed story of how he killed the pig and got them all meat.
Ralph's untamed hair is a symbol of the gradual breakdown of law and order. It acts as a visible reminder of how far the boys are from civilization.
"There was a sudden explosion...there was a speck above the island, a figure dropping swiftly beneath a parachute, a figure that hung with dangling limbs," (Golding, 95).
The dead parachutist was a symbol of war and the fact that the people in the outside world were fighting against each other. The man was a symbol of the fall of mankind. He crashed on the island after his plane was shot down, and fell down with explosions going off in the sky.