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Haitian Revolution Timeline
Updated: 4/29/2020
Haitian Revolution Timeline
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  • August 1791-Massive Slave Revolt
  • April 4, 1792-Legislative Assembly grants all free men of color full french citizenship
  • February 4, 1794-National Convention abolishes slavery in all French territories
  • This was the first large-scale conflict over slavery in Saint-Domingue, really initiating a lot of the future conflict. It was the first instance that defied Saint-Domingue's ideas that they had their slaves well under control and brought slavery into question and discussion.
  • 1799-onwards, Napoleon Bonaparte's Rise to Power
  • Granting all free colored men full French citizenship was a pivotal moment for colored people's rights, and also the revolution, It created even more racial tension between blacks and whites in the colony, an issue that would perpetuate Saint-Domingue throughout the revolution. Furthermore, this tension would eventually lead to the need for the help of the slaves against counterrevolutionaries and the banding together of both free blacks and slaves, which would be essential in obtaining independence.
  • Expedition to Saint-Dominque to possibly reinstate slavery
  • This was a major development in the history of Haiti, it defied the dominant way of life in Saint-Domingue. As the first European country to abolish slavery, it set forth new ideals and morals for the question of slavery. Furthermore, it freed 90% of Saint-Domingue's population, radically influencing the coming fight for independence.
  • January 1, 1804 Dessalines formally declares Saint-Domingue independent from France
  • Napoleon was a primary reason the inhabitants of Saint-Domingue began to fear a return of slavery. He initiated the return to slavery in French Guiana and Guadeloupe. This would lead to many of the inhabitants of Saint-Domingue to seek independence.
  • The expedition to Saint-Domingue, and particularly Rochambeau's cruel tactics, would lead to the unification of much of Saint-Domingue's population. It would unite people against the cruelty, overcoming racial divisions and tension. This would allow them to create a foundation for future independence.
  • The culmination of the Haitian Revolution, this act established Haiti as the first independent state of Latin America. Its attempt to create a national community of enslaved peoples created a base for a larger struggle against slavery and racism.
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