While men were still considered superior to women and women could not join the military, they were still given freedom in public life. They could work as doctors, weavers, or even be in the priesthood. However, their primary role was home-keeper.
Similar to the vestal virgins of ancient Greece, acllas were chosen for their beauty and purity to become priestesses of the Sun and other deities, and made up an integral part of Incan religious institutions.
While women in Mayan society were not often allowed to participate in political society, there were some instances in which a women would rule. Lady K’abel was the military ruler of El Peru-Waka between A.D. 672 and 692. One of the hieroglyphics found at the tomb describes her as Lady Snake Lord.