The colonists grew tired of British rule, and wished to create their own central national government. Their first attempt, The Articles of Confederation weren't working as intended, so they set out to replace them.
The framers replaced the Articles of Confederation with a new set of laws known as the US Constitution. The Constitution was a collaboration between many great thinkers of the time such as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison.
This first official document marked the beginning of the US government, giving the country a set of laws to abide by. These laws included the Bill of Rights, which restricted the national governments power, giving it to the people.
The constitution stated that there were to be three branches of government, judicial, legislative, and executive. The branches were divided this way to ensure that no one person or branch had greater jurisdiction. The document proposing this wasn't ratified until 1787, two whole years after the US Constitution was drafted
The US Constitution is the foundation for the nation which we know today, leading the colonies toward creating a strong independent country. By introducing Federalism and giving the people a voice in government, the US Constitution truly was a catalyst for the American Dream.