The fervent German monk was openly challenging the Church to reform itself. The Reformation - the great upheaval that changed Christendom forever - had begun. (Pg. 111)
Ch. 3 Leonardo da Vinci (1442- 1519)
For centuries people remembered Leonardo da Vinci as a fine Renaissance artist. Only when modern-day scholars began to collect and examine his notebooks did the public appreciate his genius. (Pg. 93)
Ch. 2 Gutenberg (1395- 1468)
Books, now less expensive traveled from one end of Europe to another. More people learned to read. Never before had ideas traveled so quickly. (Pg. 49)
Martin Luther was a German monk who changed Christianity forever. He studied to be a lawyer but instead became a monk. As he studied the Bible he came across the letter by St. Paul. He gained his own ideas of what the Bible meant. He started to question everything about the church, but because the Pope wanted him dead he hid and translated the Bible to German.
Ch. 4 Michelangelo (1475- 1564)
Michelangelo and Julius II were both temperamental, arrogant, and demanding. They often infuriated each other. But the stormy relationship between this artist and his patron led to some of the finest art the world has known. (Pg. 71)
Leonardo da Vinci was the true Renaissance man. He was a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, scientist, philosopher, and a visionary. He was also a genius. He created some of the worlds best art theories and inventions. Though he was all these things, his genius was not recognized until much later.
Ch. 4 Raphael (1483- 1520)
Raphael Sanzio was known throughout Italy as a gentile, courteous man who could get along with just about everyone. It was said that Raphael was "so full of nobility and kindness that even the animals loved him." (Pg. 77)
This man created the world's first printing press. This exponentially grew the spread of knowledge as with books. The first book was the Gutenberg Bible. His invention was not acknowledged until only recently. But today he is appreciated for the creation of the printing press.
Ch. 8 Teresa of Avila (1515- 1582)
Even those who doubted her visions recognized what Teresa left behind- an inspiring of service and self-denial, a new religious order, and fresh inspiration for the Catholic Church. (Pg. 135)
The high tempered Renaissance sculptor was one of the best. From his sculptures the Pietà and of David not to mention his famous fresco of the Sistine Chapel ceiling. He did not get along with Julius II but at the end of the day they respected each other.
This Renaissance painter was a kind gentle man and a fantastic painter. Some of his best work includes the Modanna and the School of Athens. What you'll find about these art works is like Raphael, his work was peaceful and graceful. Although rivals Raphael and Michelangelo respected each others art.
This Spanish nun founded 21 covets and was a key figure in the Counter-Reformation. After going into a coma she woke up paralyzed this only made her love for God greater. In her 40's she founded a group of nuns called the Discalced Carmelites.