Hey, did you know that the mayans had a ball game very similar to basketball?
In fact, any indigenous groups like the Mayans and the Aztecs have developed many concepts that are used to this day. A few examples are the calendar, astronomy, a number system, writing, language, an education system, and a social structure
Sadly, these native groups were wiped out by Hernan Cortes and his army of Spanish conquistadors. In February os 1519, the Spaniards invaded and enslaved the native people and took over their land. They brutally murdered some people and brought diseases that the natives weren't immune to, this caused over half of the indigenous people to die.
There was an indigenous woman known as La Malinche, who had a child with Hernan Cortes. She was frowned upon by her people and called a traitor but she is also known as the mother of mestizaje. Mestizaje is the mix between the native people and the spanish. Thanks to these events, a new group of people was born, Mexicans.
The land that the spaniards invaded became the country of Mexico. However, a lot of their land was taken from them by the U.S. In 1846, the two countries began fighting over territory and went to war, this was called the Mexican-American war. The war came to an end in 1848 and the U.S. was victorious. Mexico lost land that is modern day California, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico.
Whoah!! So that's how Mexico came to be?
Yes, many of their old traditions have shaped the way the world works today!