non aggresion pact

non aggresion pact

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  • August 23,1939 enemies Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed the German-Soviet Non-aggression pact, which 2 countries agreed to take no military action against each other for the next 10 years. Signing this pact Germany had protected itself from having to fight a front war in the soon to begin World War2. Soviet leader Joseph Stalin (1879-1953) viewed the pact as a way to keep his nation on peaceful terms with Germany while giving time to build up the Soviet military.
  • German leader Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) used the pact to make sure Germany was able to invade Poland unopposed. The pact also contained a secret agreement in which the Soviets and Germans agreed how they would later divide up Eastern Europe.
  • The invasion jolted British and French leaders and convinced them that Adolf Hitler, the German leader, could not be trusted to honor his agreements and was likely to keep committing aggression's until stopped by force or a massive deterrent.
  • The German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact fell apart in June 22 , 1941, when Nazi forces attacked the Soviet Union less than two years later.On March 15, 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Czechoslovakia, breaking the agreement it had signed with Great Britain and France the year before in Munich, Germany.
  • The British and French also stepped up a diplomatic engagement with the Soviet Union, trying to draw it closer by trade and other agreements to make Hitler see that he would also have to face Joseph Stalin if he invaded Poland.Hitler knew France and the Soviets had concluded a defense alliance several years earlier–a treaty that gave Stalin an additional reason to fight Germany if it ventured into Poland and triggered France’s pledge.
  • In May, Germany and Italy signed a major treaty of alliance, and Hitler’s representatives had begun conducting important trade talks with the Soviets.
  • In the spring and summer of 1939, as tensions continued building across Europe and all major powers were feverishly casting about for potential allies. Hitler’s foreign minister dropped hints to Moscow that if Hitler invaded Poland, the Soviet Union might be permitted some Polish territory. On August 20, Hitler sent a personal message to the Soviet premier: War with Poland was imminent.
  • Germany
  • Poland
  • On August 22, 1939, German foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop (1893-1946) flew from Berlin to Moscow. Ribbentrop carried a proposal from Hitler that both countries commit to a nonaggression pact that would last 100 years. Stalin replied that 10 years would be sufficient. The proposal also stipulated that neither country would aid any third party that attacked either signatory.
  • Four years later, with no hope of a German victory in World War II, Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945. On May 8, the Allies accepted Nazi Germany’s surrender.
  • Great Britain and France, knowing the Nazi-Soviet agreement was pending, reacted by formalizing their pledge to Poland in a treaty declaring each would fight in Poland’s defense if it were attacked. Hitler was incensed by this counter thrust but quickly cancelled his order for the invasion. Hitler ordered his troops to strike east into Poland on September 1, 1939.
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