Ever since the first Jewish settlers had arrived in Palestine in 1882, there had been attacks on Jewish property and people. In 1921, violence on a massive scale erupted in the town of Jaffa. In 1921, riots erupted in Tel Aviv between Rival Jewish groups. The riots spread to Arab Jaffa and led to Arab attacks on Jews. 200 Jews and 120 Arabs were dead or wounded. Afterwards, the British limited immigration and Palestinian Arabs were told only part of Palestine would be given to the Jews.
Violence erupted again in 1929, starting in the city of Jerusalem. Arab crowds attacked Jews inside and outside the city. The attacks spread throughout Palestine and 133 Jews were killed over four days. 116 Arabs were also killed.
In April 1936 widespread fighting broke out as armed Arab bands attacked Jewish settlements. Within a month, 20 Jews had been killed. Palestine would now be caught up in a civil war that would end in 1939. The British responded harshly and hanged several Arab leaders and destroyed houses suspected of containing Arab terrorists. They also trained a Jewish Defence force
With the outbreak of world war two, the Jewish Agency supported the British but campaigned against the 1939 policy that opposed the idea of a separate Jewish nation. When the war ended, 6 million Jews had been killed by the holocaust and many of the Zionists weren't in the mood to be patient. In August 1945, the Zionist conference stated its oppoisition to British rule.
Jewish attacks on the British increased in 1946. The Irgun attacked the King David Hotel with explosives which housed the British military headquarters. 88 people were killed. Two British army soldiers were also hung and their photo displayed on newspapers. This convinced the British to get out of Palestine.
In November 1947, the UN voted for the partition of Palestine into two states, one ruled by the Arabs and the other by the Jewish people. The states would be divided in terms of population with the majority Jewish areas to be allocated to the Jewish state and vice versa. Jerusalem was to be governed internationally.