The Crimean War was the first modern war between Russia versus the Ottoman, French, and British in 1853. The Crimean War was centered around the Crimean Peninsula because it imports and exports all of the goods for the continent.
Many Europeans were racists towards other people because they thought that Europe was the best nation and if you came from another nation you were considered less than and left out.
The new belief of one race is superior to another is Social Darwinism and many Europeans believed that heavily, this sparked in 1860
The Suez Canal connects the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea, and is an essential part of many peoples lives due to it bringing in revenue to whoever owned the Suez Canal. The Suez Canal was established in 1869.
Imperialism is when a strong nation takes over weaker nations for land and/or resources. Imperialism started in the 1870s.
The Berlin Conference was between 12 European Nations, the United States, and the Ottoman Empire over land of Africa. The Berlin Conference started in 1884.
The Boer War was a fight between the Boers and the British in 1899. The war was started due to the Boers trying to keep their political rights. The British ended up winning in 1902.