Stage 1: Asocial stage 6 weeks after birth. the baby is recognising and forming bonds with its carers. Baby's behaviour to humans and non- human objects are similar. Babies show preference to people who calm them more and are happier in presence of people who calm them.
X 60 babies 31 male, 29 female.
Indiscriminate attachment 2-7 months old displaying more social, observable behaviours. Showing a preference for people over inanimate objects, not usually show separation anxiety and accept cuddles and comfort from any adults hence the 'indiscriminate'.
Specific stage From 7 months start displaying anxiety towards strangers, and anxious when separated from one specific adult. At this point the baby has made a specific attachment - adult termed the primary attachment figure (one who offers the most interaction and responds the most to the babies signs).
biological mother 65% of cases - separation anxiety towards one adult
Multiple attachments soon after showing one specific attachment to one adult babies usually extend this behaviour to multiple adults of whom they regularly spend time with - these are called secondary attachments. In Schaffers studies 29% of children had secondary attachments within a month. By 1 most children had them.
Schaffer and Emerson study - Page 76 green hair book