stages of attachments

stages of attachments

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  • Stages of attachment
  • Stage 1: Asocial stage  6 weeks after birth. the baby is recognising and forming bonds with its carers. Baby's behaviour to humans and non- human objects are similar. Babies show preference to people who calm them more and are happier in presence of people who calm them.
  • X 60 babies 31 male, 29 female.
  • Indiscriminate attachment 2-7 months old displaying more social, observable behaviours. Showing a preference for people over inanimate objects, not usually show separation anxiety and accept cuddles and comfort from any adults hence the 'indiscriminate'.
  • Specific stage  From 7 months start displaying anxiety towards strangers, and anxious when separated from one specific adult. At this point the baby has made a specific attachment - adult termed the primary attachment figure (one who offers the most interaction and responds the most to the babies signs).
  • biological mother 65% of cases - separation anxiety towards one adult
  • Multiple attachments  soon after showing one specific attachment to one adult babies usually extend this behaviour to multiple adults of whom they regularly spend time with - these are called secondary attachments. In Schaffers studies 29% of children had secondary attachments within a month. By 1 most children had them. 
  • Schaffer and Emerson study - Page 76 green hair book
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