English Civil War & Revolution
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God gives me power. I don't have to work with you, Parliament!
Goodbye King Charles. Hello Parliament
James II believed in the Divine Right of Kings and that he didn't have to work together with parliament. This caused tension between monarchy and parliament. The two groups also didn't see eye to eye on the issues of money.
The English Civil War begins in 1642. Supporters of the King Charles were referred to as the Cavaliers or the Royalists, and the supporters of Parliament were known as the Round heads. Oliver Cromwell lead Parliament army.
Parliament came out on top at the end of the English Civil War. King Charles was beheaded, and monarchy was demolished. Commonwealth took the place of the monarchy.
Bill of Rights
A group on English nobles encouraged William of Orange to take over. This caused James II, ruler at the time, to flee to France when he realized he had no support from england.
The revolution ends and in 1689 William and Mary accept the offer to throne. During this time, the English Bill of Rights was made, and Monarchy and Parliament ruled together to and destroyed the theory of Divine Right of Kings.
The English Bill of Right laid a foundation for constitutional monarchy. It included ten main commandments fot the people to abide by.
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