In 1487 this man was funded by King John II of Portugal to explore the southernmost part of Africa. After a storm caused him to sail off course past the southernmost part of Africa, where he used a cape as a landmark. This exploration is important because it paved the way for future expedition to India.
July, 1497 Vasco da Gama is sent by Portugal to try and find India. After sailing around the cape he makes a stop at Mombasa on Africa's east coast and meets a pilot from India that shows him the way there. This is important because Portugal has finally found the way.
Funded by Portugal, Pedro sails so far west he reaches Brazil. He then continues to India and brings back valuables such as spices. This expedition leads to many fleets making voyages to India.
After being funded by Spain, Columbus tries to find a new route to Asia. Instead he reaches North America. The beginning of Europeans taking over North America pretty much begin here.
Being the first to realize South America is a separate continent from Asia, Amerigo was funded by Spain. Geographers began to call the continent America, named after Amerigo.
Funded by Spain this man reaches the southernmost tip of South America and eventually comes upon an ocean. He names it the Pacific Ocean before dying in the Philippine Islands. We still call it the Pacific Ocean to this day.