If there is enough evidence that the suspect has done or been part of a crime, they will be arrested. and held in a cell until further notice. Whilst they're arrested, officers will book them. Which consists of mugshots, fingerprints, and the suspect has one phone.
The suspect goes on with their daily business until court, initial appearance. Magistrate judge decides weather or not if there is enough evidence the suspect actually did the crime. This is because somethings can be under and over looked.
The grand jury examines the evidence in order to determine if the suspect should be charged with a crime. If they do decide there is enough evidence, they issue an indictment; serious crime.
The judge reads the charges against the defendant , and the defendant is asked to plead “guilty” or “not guilty.” If the defendant pleads not guilty, a trial date is set. If they plead guilty, the judge will sentence and there will be no trial.
12 citizens are selected as jurors for the case. After the trial begins, both attorneys give their evidence to the judge and jury. During the case, witnesses are called to give a testimony. After the witnesses have gotten their chance to speak, both attorneys conclude their final arguments.
The jury is asked to come to an conclusion and notify the judge of their decision, if verdict is not guilty, they are released. But if the verdict is in fact guilty, the judge tells the defendant how much time they owe in prison and how much the damages will cost them(if any).