The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
The Seneca Falls Convention was the first women’s rights convention in the United States. It was organized by a handful of women who were active in the abolition and temperance movements. Intended to call attention to unfair treatment of women, the convention was attended by about 300 people, including about 40 men.
Emma Hart Willard was a pioneer educator of women who founded the first permanent female seminary in America. In 1821 she opened the Troy Female Seminary. One of the most influential schools in America, pioneering in the teaching of science, mathematics, and social studies to young women.
Passed by Congress June 4, 1919, and ratified on August 18, 1920, the 19th amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote. Achieving this milestone required a lengthy and difficult struggle; victory took decades of agitation and protest. Beginning in the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change of the Constitution.