King Richard the First was the King of England and Leader of the Third Crusade. His nickname was Richard the LionHeart. He married Berengaria of Navarre.
Queen Isabella & King Ferdinand
The Later Crusades were unsuccessful and were poorly organized by poor people. The Muslim Seljuk Turks took back all the land that they lost and fought more effectively. The Seljuk Turks Win!
The Children's Crusade was an unsuccessful crusade that was led by Children. Many Children were enslaved and sold at trading cities. Some were lost and some were never found again. Some or none made it to their goal.
Destroy all nonbelievers!!!
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella both wanted Spain to be fully Catholic. They also wanted all the Jewish and Muslims to either be dead, changed, or gone.
The Inquisition was a church court against Muslims and Jews. inquisitors tortured people to find out if the "converts" were practicing their old religion. King Ferdinand also sent armies against the last area in Spain that the Muslims controlled and won.
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella also commanded to take over all of Spain. They captured all of the areas that the Muslims controlled.